Many grave warnings were indeed uttered, indicating the approaching danger and urging a fundamental reform of the actual evil conditions. Still, there was more unity among the Reformers than there has been among any Protestants since the Reformation. Liberty to introduce the Reformation into their territories was thus granted to the territorial rulers.
Albert of Brandenburg, already Archbishop of Magdeburg, received in addition the Archbishopric of Mainz and the Bishopric of Hallerstadt, but in return was obliged to collect 10, ducats, which he was taxed over and above the usual confirmation fees.
The occurrence at Vassy in Champagne on 1 March,where the retinue of the Duke of Guise came into conflict with the Huguenotsinaugurated the first religious and civil war in France. The support of his sovereign, Frederick of Saxony, was of great importance.
Gustavus AdolphusCharles' son, used the Reformation to increase the power of Sweden by his campaigns. June Political situation in Germany about Religious situation in Germany and Europe about Officially, Protestantism remained an exclusively German phenomenon that concerned only the Holy Roman Empire through the late s and the s.
Teresa of Avila Czechhaving lay people receive communion in both kinds bread and wine — that is, in Latin, communio sub utraque speciemarried priests, and eliminating indulgences and the concept of Purgatory.
The former prestige of the clergy had thus suffered greatly, and its members were in many places regarded with scorn.
The capture of their chief fortress, La Rochelle 28 October,finally broke the power of the French Calvinists as a political entity.
The question we raise only relates to the true and legitimate constitu-tion of the Church, implying communion in sacred rites, which are the signs of profession and especially in doctrine. In addition to the Lutherans there were soon followers of Zwingli and Calvin in the country.
The negotiations at the Diet of Augsburgat which the estates rejecting the Catholic faith elaborated their creed Augsburg Confessionshowed that the restoration of religious unity was not to be effected. Thus the Reformers taught that salvation was appropriated by faith alone.
The different Reformed sects fought among one another, the formula of faith introduced at the General Synod of Sandomir in by the Reformed, the Lutheransand the Bohemian Brethren producing no unity.
It was a great tragedy which continues to fragment and lead Christians astray. Who wanted to reform the Catholic church.
Immoral poems and romances, biting satires on ecclesiastical persons and institutions, revolutionary works and songs, were circulated in all directions and wrought immense harm.
However, the split was more over doctrine than corruption. Spread of the Reformation in the various countries Germany and German Switzerland The Reformation was inaugurated in Germany when Luther affixed his celebrated theses to the doors of the church at Wittenberg31 October, By their appearance at the Diet of Speyer in they secured the adoption of the resolution that, with respect to the Edict of Worms against Luther and his erroneous doctrineeach might adopt such attitude as he could answer for before God and emperor.
This they could do the more easily, as the confiscation of the property of the Churches and monasteries rendered it possible to provide for the material advancement of ex-monks and ex-nuns, and of priests who apostasized.
Again, to strengthen their authority in the face of anti-papal tendencies, the popes of the fifteenth century made at various times certain concessions to the civil authoritiesso that the latter came to regard ecclesiastical affairs as within their domain.
Because uneducated people started reading the Bible and thinking that they understood it better than the Church that wrote it. Ever-increasing difficulties of a political nature arose, and Cardinal Richelieu aimed at ending the influential position of the Huguenots.
Later, even kings and whole countries embraced the Protestant faith. Love of wealth was meanwhile given a great incentive by the discovery of the New Worldthe rapid development of commerce, and the new prosperity of the cities.
Pastoral solicitude, the specifically religious and ecclesiastical aim, fell largely into the background, notwithstanding various spirited and successful attempts to rectify the existing evils.
There had always been tension between the secular and the ecclesiastical powers in England. There can be no fellowship between grace-based salvation and law-based salvation, between faith-based salvation and works-based salvation, just as there can be no fellowship between light and darkness.
In the course of the fourteenth and fifteenth centuries arose the modern concept of the State. The Schism in church in the fifteenth century also greatly lowered its prestige.
Catholic Answer The Reformation shook the Bishops and the Vatican out of any lethargy that had come over them and forced them to look into real abuses that were happening in the church, also, a vast number of great saints, and great religious orders came out of this time.
They neglected their dioceses and took keen interest in politics. The papacy was corrupt; monasticism and scholastic theology had declined; mysticism was on the upswing; there was a revival of the Greek and Roman classics; men with a spirit of inquiry and independence were discovering the new world; the printing press had been invented, and the Greek New Testament republished.
Religious Causes: In the first place, on the eve of reformation the church suffered from numerous evil practices which greatly undermined the reputation of the church and the churchmen. The entire organization of the church right from Pope down to the priest were corrupt and vicious.
Start studying Causes of the reformation. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. Essay Causes and Effects of the Protestant Reformation Words | 5 Pages. it, the Protestant Reformation did not happen overnight. Catholics had begun to lose faith in the once infallible Church ever since the Great Schism, when there were two popes, each declaring that.
Economic Causes of the reformation. city folk were nationalists- followed the king, payed taxes to him, for god the king and country. they were called the prespertaireans.
scotland. they were called the puritans. england, colonial America. they were called the Huguenots. France.Causes of reformation