As the example of the firefighters suggests, rational, logical decision-making has a notable disadvantage: Van Riper used motorcycle messengers to transmit orders to front-line troops and World-War-II-style light signals to launch airplanes without radio communications.
He made an effort to cut down on long meetings and introspective explanations. In chapter 4, Gladwell continues his purpose to extol the value of "thin-slicing," or those insightful first impressions, and begins discussing how we can control those impressions to our benefit.
Van Riper maintained that conventional decision-making strategies—i. This is one example of when "thin slicing" works. Active Themes The Cook County Hospital experiment is important because it suggests that sometimes the more information doctors have, the less they know.
In other words, when people try to verbalize their thoughts, they sometimes sabotage their chances of making an insightful snap judgment. The psychologists who had more information were more certain about their responses than psychologists with less information, and yet the psychologists were all more or less equally accurate in their predictions.
The shoppers who were offered six different kinds of jam bought considerably more jam than those who were offered many more kinds—the reason why is that buying jam is a snap judgment, and the more choices people are offered, the less likely they are to reach a final decision.
Improvisational comedy is a great example of the methods of spontaneity. Red received an ultimatum from Blue, essentially a surrender document, demanding a response within 24 hours. Soon after the cruise missile offensive, another significant portion of Blue's navy was "sunk" by an armada of small Red boats, which carried out both conventional and suicide attacks that capitalized on Blue's inability to detect them as well as expected.
However, Gladwell argues that sometimes, more evidence is bad: Gladwell will show how this strategy actually interfered with the process of diagnosing patients. Spontaneity is the key to good improv.
In an improv group, members ask for audience suggestions, and then use these suggestions to create a skit. Then, a couple months after the war game was over, the Pentagon received word of a real-life Middle-Eastern dictator who was opposed to the United States. Gladwell explains that better judgments can be executed from simplicity and frugality of information.
This shows how we can control and use our thin-slicing ability to our benefit.
Improvisation seems incredibly difficult, since it apparently involves making up an entire skit on the spot. Active Themes The Millennium Challenge yielded some interesting results.
Van Riper recognizes that by contacting his soldiers in the field, he might be interfering with their ability to resolve a problem.
Ekman claims that the face is a rich source of what is going on inside our mind and although many facial expressions can be made voluntarily, our faces are also dictated by an involuntary system that automatically expresses our emotions.
By choosing to adopt the decision tree of Lee Goldman, Reilly essentially was ordering his doctors to make life-or-death decisions based on an deliberately limited amount of information: Improvisation seems incredibly difficult, since it apparently involves making up an entire skit on the spot.
Full study guide for this title currently under development. Intuitively, we might imagine that more evidence is the best way to reach the right decision.
If the big picture is clear enough to decide, then decide from this without using a magnifying glass. The Millennium Challenge has become notorious in the world of military strategy because it inadvertently predicted the war in Iraq: Plot overview and analysis written by an experienced literary critic.
Van Riper was cast as that military commander. Reilly had been a professor at Dartmouth University, but he wanted to pass on his experience and education to an underfunded hospital like Cook County. Summary[ edit ] The author describes the main subject of his book as " thin-slicing ": Retrieved September 13, Verbal overshadowing is an important concept because it shows how excessive rationality can undermine the overall power of the mind.
If the big picture is clear enough to decide, then decide from this without using a magnifying glass. Red received an ultimatum from Blue, essentially a surrender document, demanding a response within 24 hours. Thus warned of Blue's approach, Red used a fleet of small boats to determine the position of Blue's fleet by the second day of the exercise.
The customers who had dozens of jam options never reached a decision about which jam to buy: Based on these findings, Carman stated that recommendations based on the war game's result on areas such as doctrine, training and procurement would be forwarded to General Richard Myersthe chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff.
Only when acting on their split-second instincts can actors create side-splitting comedy. In the heat of the moment whether in a fire or on the battlefield people rarely have the time to consider all the evidence fully.
Despite the fact that the Red Team was badly outnumbered, it crushed the Blue Team. When people are in a high-stakes situation war, performance, etc.
Blink: The Power of Thinking Without Thinking Jump to navigation Jump to search. Blink: The Power of Thinking Without Thinking argues that Gladwell in Blink fails to follow his own recommendations regarding thin-slicing, Millennium Challenge and Paul K. Van Riper; Pepsi Challenge. Summary Paul Van Riper, or Rip as his friends called him, was a former Marine commander during the Vietnam war.
He was selected by the Joint Forces Command to play the enemy rouge commander in a computerized war game called the Millennium challenge. Summary. Paul Van Riper, or Rip as his friends called him, was a former Marine commander during the Vietnam war.
He was selected by the Joint Forces Command to play the enemy rouge commander in a computerized war game called the Millennium challenge.
Among the thought provoking topics Gladwell presents in Blink, I found slicing as one the most interesting. The idea that short snippets of information can potentially allow more accurate perceptions of people and situations than longer periods with in-depth study and exposure to information.
In Chapter Four of his book Blink, Malcolm Gladwell describes how Paul Van Riper, a retired Marine commander, drove the U.S. military to fits in a war exercise called “Millennium Challenge.” It’s a brilliant argument for the plan-as-you-go idea compared with the traditional plan method.
The. Get an answer for 'Where is the summary of Chapter 4 of Blink by Malcolm Gladwell?' and find homework help for other Blink: The Power of Thinking Without Thinking questions at eNotes.Millennium challenge on blink gladwell